Wednesday, March 18, 2009
Monday, March 16, 2009
Wednesday, March 11, 2009
We found that the vast majority of the returnees were in their 30's and 90% held masters or PhDs in management, technology or science. They were at the very top of the educational distribution for these highly educated immigrant groups -- precisely the kind of people that make the greatest contribution to the US economy and job growth.
We asked them why they returned and how they have fared since returning. Returnees said they had much better economic and professional opportunities in their home countries and they had advanced significantly in their careers. Respondents saw much better entrepreneurial opportunities back home, and over half of our sample planned to start their own business, if they had not already done so.
But it wasn't only about the money or career opportunities. Most were making less money, but believed they had a better quality of life. They found emotional growth and family values to be much better in their home countries. They also confirmed that family considerations were the strongest factors drawing them home.
It wasn't just H1-B's and students who were returning. Thirty percent were US permanent residents or citizens. About a third complained about the pollution and bureaucracy back home. Regardless, only a quarter of our sample said they intended return to the US.
An analysis of the 2000 census by William R Kerr of Harvard Business School showed that immigrants made up 24% of the US science and engineering workforce holding bachelor's degrees and 47% of science and engineering workers that have PhDs. Yet, immigrants account for only 12% of the US working population.
What's more, immigrants made up 67% of all additions to US science and engineering workforce between 1995 to 2006. Kerr found evidence that the presence of more foreign knowledge workers actually had a positive impact on patent filings by US born workers in the same region.
Similarly, Jennifer Hunt of McGill University and Marjolaine Gauthier-Loiselle of Princeton University analysed long-term changes in the US population in a paper published in January 2009 titled 'How Much Does Immigration Boost Innovation?'
They calculated that, for every percentage point rise in the share of immigrant college graduates in the US population, the total per capita number of patents for the entire population should increase by 6 percent.
Make no mistake. This is a zero-sum game. Immigrants who leave America will launch their companies in other countries, file patents in other countries and fill the intellectual coffers of other countries. Those companies and those patents will benefit countries like India, China and Canada not the United States. America's loss is the world's gain.
Monday, March 9, 2009
Naresh Kumar Sharma & Anand Bodh | TNN Dharamsala: A Delhi boy who had taken admission in a m e d i c a l school in Himachal Pradesh last year met with a horrible death at the hands of seniors who are training to be doctors.
Aman Kachroo (19), who passed out of DPS International and enrolled at the Dr Rajendra Prasad Medical College, Tanda, in Kangra last August had repeatedly complained to his parents about the brutal ragging on the campus—often by drunk third-year students. On Friday night and Saturday morning, the boy was beaten so badly that he died.
“Aman used to tell us about ragging, but we never thought that it was so serious. The firstyear students had complained to the college, but no steps were taken to stop it. We’ve lost our son, but many others can be saved if timely steps are taken,’’ his aunt Indira Dhar said.
The violence underlines the fact that campuses haven’t moved to ban ragging and treat offenders seriously despite SC warnings and orders. .....